As one in more than a hundred chemical components in the hemp plant, CBD is having its well-deserved spotlight moment within the discussion of cannabis and wellness due to it anti-inflammatory, pain relieving, and calming effects. However, there’s more information known about another element of the plant besides cannabinoids — terpenes. Today, we cover the basics of terpenes, how they interact with the body, and their applications in plant-based wellness routines.
Terpenes are organic compounds that play an important role in the aromas, flavors, and natural defenses of many plants. Over 20,000 are known to exist, and cannabis has been determined to have over 100. They are the reason fruits and flowers have distinctive, unique smells, and evolved to attract pollinators and provide plants a means of defense. More than simply flavor and aroma, cannabis-derived terpenes can also affect the intensity and duration of certain effects of cannabinoids.
Cultivating terpenes in cannabis depends on light, humidity, temperature, and even the methods of processing plants. Strains can be adjusted to produce more or less of certain terpenes in order to tweak the effect terpenes have on the body’s endocannabinoid system, contributing to feelings of alertness, relaxation, or a specific symptom relief.
Terpenes interact with the human body’s robust endocannabinoid system and work together with cannabinoids to potentially enhance their therapeutic benefits. They can have distinct, varying characteristics, like being particularly energizing or sedating, so understanding their role is crucial in identifying appropriate products for your lifestyle.
Specific terpenes can be controlled and adjusted for in products containing CBD, to highlight various effects or enhance flavor profiles, and their ongoing study is crucial to the understanding of their application in wellness. Many in the CBD space are looking to terpene research as one of the key directions the industry is heading.
Some commonly found terpenes:
Myrcene: Also found in mangoes and basil, myrcene is often used for sleep, but it also lowers the “blood-to-brain barrier,” meaning faster onset of active ingredients. It can be very abundant naturally, or controlled for in cultivation. It’s also commonly used for pain relief.
Linalool: This terpene is also found in lavender and has shown incredible anti-inflammatory and calming properties, as well as having a promising anti-epileptic effect.
Pinene: Pinene is one of the most common terpenes and can be found in cannabis, pine needles, rosemary, and parsley, and its potential effects include memory retention, anxiety treatment, and inflammation.
Limonene: With a distinct citrusy fragrance, limonene is a natural mood elevator and stress reliever, with antifungal properties. It is particularly effective in topicals because it enhances cannabinoid absorption through the skin.
Finally, I have some documentation to share with you about the efficacy of cannabis for migraines. We see it and hear from our clients almost daily about the "life changing" results of consuming CBD. One of those is headaches, specifically migraines.
A study from the University of Colorado, published in Parmacotherapy, showed that the frequency of migraines in patients who used cannabis dropped from 10.4 per month to 4.6—a number that’s both statistically and clinically significant. The study’s senior author, Professor Laura Borgelt, said “There was a substantial improvement for patients in their ability to function and feel better.” Borgelt and her team reached their conclusion after reviewing the medical charts of 121 patients collected over a four-year period. A large majority of subjects experienced some reduction in headaches: 85 percent reported a decrease, while 12 percent had no change, and only a small, but unfortunate 2.5 percent experienced more migraines.
While this is good news, the study only looked at the effects of cannabis on migraine and not the biochemistry of how it achieves them. “We believe serotonin plays a role in migraine headaches, but we are still working to discover the exact role of cannabinoids in this condition,” Borgelt said.
Secondary findings showed that different cannabis delivery routes had different strengths: Inhalation, is one of the quickest for onset, generally within 2 minutes was best for treating acute migraines. On the other hand, sublingual and edibles, which have a longer onset, helped prevent headaches.
If you’re looking for CBD products near Phoenix, CBD Store AZ is your next stop! We do not require an MMJ card or a doctor’s prescription, and our second-to-none product selection includes a long list of consumables:
Our store is designed for both CBD veterans and newcomers. Just stop in, pick your favorite CBD extract or oil or speak with our holistic cannabis practitioner, Chris. She offers consultations to ensure the CBD product you buy is perfect for your wellness goals. She’ll even help formulate a custom CBD extract designed just for you! All this from a trusted CBD source that’s been operating for over five years.
What is CBD?
While many people consume cannabis for its psychoactive elements, which are induced by the cannabinoid THC, there are other elements to the plant that promote wellness without any psychoactive features. There is a reason to believe that the future of cannabis lies not in its ability to get consumers “high,” but in its scientifically-researched ability to reduce stress, boost immunity, and help regulate mood, pain, and sleep.
Cannabis’ future as a promoter of wellness stems from the high concentration of CBD, more formally known as cannabidiol, that exists within the plant. CBD interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system (or ECS), a biological system that helps to regulate cognitive and physiological processes like appetite, memory, mood, and pain sensation.
However, unlike THC, CBD does not directly interact with two primary receptors in the ECS. This allows CBD to maintain a healthy and functioning ECS without the psychoactive effect of feeling “high.”
CBD Oil and Extract Products
One of our most popular line of products is our vast array of full spectrum hemp extracts. They come in a range of dosages, and we also offer extracts in either orange or mint flavors, to help with the taste. These full spectrum extracts provide the benefits of CBD along with other essential flavonoids, terpenes, and other compounds to help promote pain relief and reduce anxiety.
Because our full spectrum extracts have the potential for a “false-positive” on a drug test at higher doses, we also offer CBD isolate extracts and oils. These products contain zero THC and are perfect for those with employers with in-depth drug testing requirements. These products provide the benefits of our full spectrum products without any of the worries.
We also offer “Happy,” our unique THC-free, CBD-rich hemp extract that contains mood elevating ingredients that help generate an uplifting feeling that never feels overwhelming. This product also has a great taste, with strong notes of fresh citrus that keep you smiling all day long.
Finally, our Good Night Sleep Formula CBD extract will help induce sleep without the next day grogginess that typically accompanies most sleep aids. Just take 30 to 45 minutes before bedtime to experience some of the best rest of your life.
Gift Cards Available Now
If a friend or family member is suffering from anxiety, auto-immune disorders, inflammation, or simply having trouble sleeping, CBD is the perfect present! We currently offer gift cards that range from $25 to $100 so your loved one can pick the CBD product that best works for them. These cards are delivered via email, come with no additional processing fees, and never expire. It’s a perfect gift of demonstrable empathy for any loved one who could feel better.
For those who might be exploring the benefits of cannabis or are considering its many therapeutic effects, Cannabidiol, often abbreviated as CBD is especially important for cannabis patients. CBD possess a wide array of therapeutic effects, without the psychoactive and intoxicating effects that are typically associated with cannabis.
CBD is one of close to 85 cannabinoids present in cannabis, with THC being the most commonly known. Cannabinoids are chemicals within cannabis that offer relief to patients, similar to natural compounds in our body called endocannabinoids.
As a standalone drug, this cannabinoid has garnered significant interest in the last ten years from the medical community for a number of benefits as a 1:
The Potential Value of CBD For Patients
With increased pressure from the North American public, cannabidiol has taken center stage as a drug with an impressive volume of therapeutic applications, but is often still wrapped up in state politics and medical cannabis legalization. With increased attention and further legalization efforts in the United States, research surrounding the health applications are still in its infancy stages, but documentation and clinical trials continue to flow into the public sphere.
The CBD Knowledge-Base Continues To Grow
Recently, research has revolved around the use of cannabidiol for treating refractory epilepsy, most notably in children suffering from Dravet Syndrome.2 Clinical trials have explored the impacts of CBD on pediatric epilepsy, yielding positive results from a study consisting of 74 patients under the age of 18, with 90 percent of patients reporting a reduction in seizure frequency.3
Clinical evidence also demonstrates that cannabidiol can reduce anxiety-related behavior related to a number of disorders including Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, and seasonal affective disorder.4
Isolated cannabidiol oil is an emerging product available to patients, and oral consumption remains as the simplest way to consume the product. However, CBD tinctures are also available; infused with alcohol and held underneath the tongue to aid delivery into the bloodstream. However, recent studies have suggested that vaporization of CBD might present as the most efficient way of consuming cannabidiol5, as compared to other consumption methods such as topical creams and edible products.
The possibilities of cannabidiol are endless, and for patients on their cannabis journey, cannabidiol has the possibility to work wonders; supported by clinical trials and evidence the hope is that CBD cements itself as a drug that can aid in a myriad of medical issues.
1.Morales P, Reggio PH, Jagerovic N. An Overview on Medicinal Chemistry of Synthetic and Natural Derivatives of Cannabidiol. Frontiers in Pharmacology. 2017;8. doi:10.3389/fphar.2017.00422.
2. Welty TE, Luebke A, Gidal BE. Cannabidiol: Promise and Pitfalls. Epilepsy Currents. 2014;14(5):250-252. doi:10.5698/1535-7597-14.5.250.
3. Tzadok M, Uliel-Siboni S, Linder I, et al. CBD-enriched medical cannabis for intractable pediatric epilepsy. Seizure. 2016;35:41-44. doi:10.1016/j.seizure.2016.01.004.
4. Blessing EM, Steenkamp MM, Manzanares J, Marmar CR. Cannabidiol as a Potential Treatment for Anxiety Disorders. Neurotherapeutics. 2015;12(4):825-836. doi:10.1007/s13311-015-0387-1.
5. Solowij N, Broyd SJ, Hell HHV, Hazekamp A. A protocol for the delivery of cannabidiol (CBD) and combined CBD and ∆9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) by vaporisation. BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology. 2014;15(1). doi:10.1186/2050-6511-15-58.
the endocannabinoid system (ECS) plays a fundamental role in homeostasis. The ECS is involved in fertility, appetite regulation, pregnancy, pre- and postnatal development, pain sensation, mood, the pleasurable effects of voluntary exercise and the formation of memory. The ECS, it seems, plays an important part in the development and plasticity of the human brain throughout a person’s lifetime. There is a good reason why mammalian bodies produce their own cannabinoids, in particular anandamide and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG).
When the ECS is disrupted, or if a person’s genetics do not encode cannabinoid receptors or endocannabinoids properly, health problems occur. The ECS can be disrupted by injuries or illnesses, which can form a part of an inflammatory event (e.g. a long-term viral or bacterial infection) that can cause both short- and long- term changes to the functioning of the ECS. Age also plays a factor in how the ECS functions, just as the brain changes over the course of one’s lifetime. Keeping the ECS “in balance” could therefore help overcome or theoretically even prevent conditions that affect the human brain as it ages. There are several neurological and mood disorders where disruption to the ECS is seen. Some of these conditions are genetic and can occur at any age, whilst others are more likely to occur as we age (although there may still be a genetic component). Some are also autoimmune conditions. There are several studies and reports suggesting that CBD and other cannabinoids (including THC in some instances) may be useful for the treatment of neurological and mood disorders such as: