Cannabis is rich in cannabinoids. There are over 85 identified different cannabinoids today including: THC, THCA, THCV, CBD, CBDA, CBN, CBT, CBC & CBG to mention a few. There are two basic species or types of cannabis: Indica and Sativa, and over 1,000 different strains within these two species. The healing properties of the cannabis strain lie in the relative ratios and combinations of the cannabinoids.
Indica originated in the Hindu Kush mountains in India and Nepal. Indica has a higher CBD:THC ratio. It produces heavier, body oriented, sleepy or relaxing type of effect. The medicinal qualities include pain management, nausea, muscle spasms, stress and anxiety. Indica strains are a relaxant, effective for appetite stimulation, sleep, muscle spasms and tremors, among other symptoms. It is good as an evening medicine.
Sativa originated in Central and South America. Sativa usually has a lower CBD:THC ratio, producing a cerebral, uplifting type of feeling, more energetic and creative. Often, the THC content is higher in the sativa strains than the Indica strains. The Sativa strains are stimulating, effective in appetite stimulation, relieving depression, migraines, pain and nausea. Best taken in the morning or afternoon.
Hybrids are a combination of sativa and indica strains that have been cross bred with each other to produce a combination of medicinal properties.
CBD - Cannabidiol is one of the 85+ cannabinoids and it has most of the healing properties. The CBD Rich strain is usually a hybrid of indica and sativa. Each CBD rich strain will display indica or sativa qualities of energizing or relaxing, the same as the non CBD rich strain. The main difference is the reduced psychoactive effect of the THC and the increased healing value.